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History

Content updated: 04-03-2015 13:20

In its founding conference (22–23 October 1988), the Lithuanian Reform Movement (Sąjūdis) adopted the Resolution (No. 25) “On Founding the Constitutional Court”.

On 25 October 1992, the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania (which came into force on 2 November 1992) was adopted by referendum. The Constitution has for the first time in the history of the state provided for the institution of constitutional justice—the Constitutional Court.

On 3 February 1993, the Seimas adopted the Law on the Constitutional Court.

In February and March 1993, the Seimas appointed the justices of the Constitutional Court. On 23 March 1993, Juozas Žilys was appointed as the President of the Constitutional Court.

By its resolution of 22 April 1993, the Seimas assigned a building located on Gedimino ave. 36 in Vilnius as the seat of the Constitutional Court. The building, designed by architect Zygmunt Tarasin for the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, was built in 1931.

In May 1993, the President of the Constitutional Court participated as a guest in the IXth Congress of the Conference of European Constitutional Courts (CECC), held in Paris. The chairmanship of the CECC at that time was held by the Constitutional Council of the French Republic.

In July 1993, the delegation of the Constitutional Court was invited to Warsaw to get acquainted with the work of the Constitutional Tribunal of the Republic of Poland. The visit of the delegation marked the beginning of the bilateral cooperation between the courts. Since 1995, both courts have shared their work experience at the annual meetings of their justices.

On 2 August 1993, the Constitutional Court announced that it started to officially accept petitions for review of whether laws and other acts of the Seimas were not in conflict with the Constitution as well as whether the decrees of the President and acts of the Government were not in conflict with the Constitution or laws.

On 5 September 1993, the Constitutional Court held the first public hearing, where it considered the petition of a group of members of the Seimas requesting an investigation into whether the Seimas Resolution “On the Dissolution of the Vilnius City Council and Some Measures Necessary to Improve the Activities in Municipalities” of 1993 was in compliance with the Constitution. The Constitutional Court gave its ruling in that case on 17 September 1993.

In March 1996, during the visit of the President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia on the occasion of the first rotation of the justices of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania, it was decided to begin cooperation between the two courts. Since 2000, both courts have shared their work experience at the annual meetings of their justices.

On 7 October 1997, during the meeting of the Circle of the Presidents of the CECC held in Warsaw, the Constitutional Court became the nineteenth full member of this organisation. The chairmanship of the CECC at that time was held by the Constitutional Tribunal of the Republic of Poland.

On 2–3 September 2003, the International Conference “Constitutional Justice and the Rule of Law” was held on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the activity of the Constitutional Court.

On 16–18 May 2005, at the XIIIth Congress of the CECC held in Nicosia (Cyprus), the Constitutional Court was unanimously elected as the member to hold chairmanship of this organisation in 2005–2008.

On 25 October 2005, on the initiative of the President of the Constitutional Court, annual celebrations started to be held to commemorate the Day of the Constitution.

On 3–6 June 2008, the XIVth Congress of the CECC was held in Vilnius. The event drew the participation of the representatives of the members of the CECC as well as other guests and observers (54 delegations in total).

During the XIVth Congress of the CECC, on the initiative of the Venice Commission, the first meeting of the representatives of different regional or linguistic organisations of constitutional courts was held. The meeting considered on its agenda the question of the establishment of the World Conference on Constitutional Justice (WCCJ).

On 23–24 January 2009, the delegation of the Constitutional Court participated in the 1st Congress of the WCCJ, organised in Cape Town by the Venice Commission together with the Constitutional Court of the Republic of South Africa.

In September 2012, the first bilateral conference of the justices of the Lithuanian and Ukrainian Constitutional Courts was held in Vilnius. On 24 October of the same year, the two courts signed the Memorandum on the Development of Cooperation Between the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Lithuania and the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.

On 25 October 2012, on the initiative of the Constitutional Court, the International Conference “Standards of Europe’s Constitutional Heritage” was held on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania.

On 5 September 2013, the International Conference “Modern Tendencies of Constitutional Justice: The Relation Between National and International Law” was held on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the activity of the Constitutional Court.

In 2014, at the 3rd Congress of the WCCJ held in Seoul (South Korea), the Constitutional Court was re-elected for a second three-year term of membership in the Bureau of the WCCJ.